Friday, September 19, 2008


Listening to the English language frequently and reading a wide variety of
academic materials is the best way to improve listening skills.
Watching movies and television, and listening to the radio provide excellent
opportunities to build listening skills. Audiotapes and CDs of lectures and
presentations are equally valuable and are available at libraries and bookstores.
Those with transcripts are particularly helpful.
Listening for Basic Comprehension
Increase vocabulary.

Focus on the content and fl ow of spoken material. Do not be distracted
by the speaker’s style and delivery.
Anticipate what a person is going to say as a way to stay focused.
Stay active by asking yourself questions (e.g., What main idea is the
professor communicating?).

Copy the words, “main idea, major points, and important details” on
different lines of paper. Listen carefully, and write these down while
listening. Continue listening until all important points and details are
written down and then review them.

Listen to a portion of a lecture or talk and create an outline of important
points. Use the outline to write a brief summary. Gradually increase the
amount of the presentation you use to write the summary.

Listening for Pragmatic Understanding10
Think about what each speaker hopes to accomplish: What is the purpose of the speech
or conversation? Is the speaker apologizing, complaining, or making suggestions?
Notice each speaker’s style. Is the language formal or casual? How certain does each
speaker sound? Is the speaker’s voice calm or emotional? What does the speaker’s tone
of voice tell you?
Notice the speaker’s degree of certainty. How sure is the speaker about the information?
Does the speaker’s tone of voice indicate something about his/her degree of certainty?
Listen for changes in topic or digressions11.
Watch a recorded TV or movie comedy. Pay careful attention to the way stress and
intonation patterns are used to convey meaning.

Listening to Connect and Synthesize12 Ideas
Think about how the lecture you’re hearing is organized. Listen for the signal words
that indicate the introduction, major steps or ideas, examples, and the conclusion or

Identify the relationships between ideas. Possible relationships include: cause/effect,
compare/contrast, and steps in a process.
Listen for words that show connections and relationships between ideas.
Listen to recorded material and stop the recording at various points. Predict what
information or idea will be expressed next.
Create an outline of the information discussed while listening or after listening.

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